Guide in Kamyanets-Podilskyi and Khotin
Tourist guide: Halyna Vytrykush, born in 1983, high philological education, the member of the World Federation Tourist Guide Associations, speaks English, German, Polish, Russian. Contact on the tel. 0038 (097) 58 369 35 or by e-mail: email@example.com. |
Kamyanets-Podilskyi and the district:
- free information about places of interest in Ukraine, the hotels, apartments, festivals, entertainments, train & bus schedule, tickets etc.;
- historical tours to the Old City of Kamyanets-Podilskyi, Khotin fortress, Bakota cave monastery, to the caves of Ternopol region (individual and group tours);
- transport support, transfer etc.
Contact on the tel. 0038 (097) 58 369 35 or by e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Modern KAMYANETS-PODILSKYI belongs to the seven wonders of Ukraine, is protected by UNESCO, has more than 150 architectural monuments and takes the third place according to their quantity after Kyiv and Lviv. Nowadays it is the city of festivals: air balloon and military-historical are the most interesting.
Historical Kamyanets is the unique city-fortress in the world, located on the peninsula, an area of which is 121 hectares. It is surrounded by the river Smotrich with the high canyon. Kamyanets is the administrative, political, economic and cultural center of Podillya more than five hundred years. The emblem of the city is the sun with 16 rays on a blue background.
This is the city of:
- scientific hypotheses and historical facts;
- amazing landscapes and natural gifts;
- cluster landmarks 14-18 centuries on the peninsula;
- high artistic taste and eclectic styles;
- unusual shapes and intersections of human lives;
- legends and implementation of desires.
The most glorious moments of its history:
• The city received the Magdeburg right in 1374.
• Since 1463 Kamyanets became the royal city.
• Polish, Ukrainian and Armenian authorities ruled in the city at the same time.
• The Armenian community in Kamyanets was the largest one, comparing to other Polish cities.
• In the 16th century the city was populated with 12 thousand people.
• In the 16th century 18 workshops were open in which about 400 hand-masters were employed.
• Up to the 17th century the main trade route ran through Kamyanets, and the city competed with Lviv.
• In the 17th century the city had more than 30 churches.
• There were 8 mosques, minarets and the first coffeehouses in the Turkish period of rule in the 17th century.
• An the end of the 19th – at the beginning of the 20th centuries the Jewish community had 21 synagogues. The number of Jews took 37% of the population of the city.
• The education and culture was actively developed in Kamyanets. At the beginning of the 19th century the Podillya seminary was founded, in 1918 – the Ukrainian State University.
• In the Lithuanian, Polish, Turkish and Russian times Kamyanets was the capital of Podillya region, in 1919-1920 it was proclaimed the temporal and the last capital of the Ukrainian Public Republic, up to 1940 it was the regional center.
• Since the 14th century the historical book of Kamyanets has been written by seven nations – Ukrainians, Lithuanians, Poles, Armenians, Turks, Russians und Jews.
In Kamyanets-Podilskyi you can see:
- the magnificence of the ten orthodox stony churches with frescos and icons of different epochs;
- the only wooden orthodox church in the canyon;
- the two Rome-catholic churches with Christian and Islamic monuments;
- the unique composition of Christianity and Islam – the minaret with Maria;
- the Old Fortress, The New Fortress, the other military complexes and towers;
- the Armenian and Turkish monuments of the 17th century;
- the oldest and the highest bridges in Ukraine, and the little bridge for extreme;
- the buildings, monuments and squares of 14-20th centuries of seven nations and other monuments.
KHOTIN fortress is 25 km from Kamyanets. Founded by Ukrainian dukes of Kyiv Rus, since the 14th c. it was under Moldavian, Ottoman, Polish, Russian and Romanian rule. The influence of different nations is noticed in the architectural miracle and the mentality of the citizens.
Situated in the picturesque valley of the river Dniester, many centuries Khotin fortress was the witness of numerous battles, tragic defeats and glory victories. The world-known war of Khotin of 1621 became the most important battle of Ukrainian Cossacks and Poles against Turks.
Nowadays Khotin fortress belongs to the seven wonders of Ukraine and it is protected by UNESCO.
On the way to Khotin you can enjoy the views of the rivers Dnisters, Zhvanchyk, Zbruch and the rests of fortresses in Zhvanets and Okopy.
There are about 100 caves in Ternopil oblast. The most interested are situated in Borshchiv district 60-80 km from Kamyanets. Having about 250 km of its labyrinths, ‘The Optimistic cave’ is the longest cave in Europe and second largest gypsum cave in the world. The cave ‘The blue lakes’ (115 km) is famous because of its beautiful lakes. The most popular caves are ‘The crystal cave’ (23 km) and ‘The Verteba’ with the remnants of the old culture of Trypillya of 4-3 Millennia B.C.
Kamyanets’ cave ‘The Atlantyda’ is for persons, interested in extremes and smart feelings.
BAKOTA cave monastery, situated 60 km from Kamyanets in the 120 meter high rock near the Dniester-river, is a model of living conditions of the first Christian monks. Perhaps it was organized by St. Antony Pechersky, the founder of Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra and Antony’s caves in Chernigov, in the 11th c. Up to the end of 14th c. Bakota was a central city in the territory Ponyzzya (‘at bottom left the Dniester’). Later it became smaller and smaller. In the end of the 20th c. the hydroelectric station was built there and the village disappeared.
Nowadays you can see only the remnants of cave monastery and infinitely enjoy the harmony of wild nature and mild climate. The place attracts with the unique kinds of plants and animal. Bakota is a natural preserve.
Контакты / Contacts: 00 38 - 097 5836935